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3-1-2-2 Mobilized Civilians

A mobilized student handling a lathe at Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd.
1945 Courtesy of Yoshie Ishikawa

The National Mobilization Law of 1937 directed all national resources toward the war effort. As the war dragged on, the government rationed food, daily commodities and other materials. Students were mobilized to work in munitions factories, and schoolwork was disrupted in various ways. In 1910, Korea was colonized by Japan, and by the end of the war, Koreans were being conscripted to serve the war. Many were assigned to factories in Hiroshima.