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Museum History


1945 August 6 An atomic bomb detonates at approximately 600 meters over downtown Hiroshima. Severely devastated, Hiroshima became the world’s first city to be attacked by an A-bomb.
1949 August 6 The Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law is promulgated after receiving over 90 percent support in Japan's first public referendum.
September The A-bomb Reference Material Display Room (A-bomb Memorial Hall) is established in the Hiroshima Central Public Hall. This is the first public display of atomic bomb materials.
1952 March It is decided that, under the Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law, the Peace Memorial Hall, Peace Memorial Museum, City Auditorium, and the Cenotaph for the A-bomb Victims will be constructed in Peace Memorial Park as reminders of the past and contributions to a future of lasting peace.
1955   The Peace Memorial Hall and the Peace Memorial Museum open.
The volunteer citizen group A-bomb Materials Collection Support Association (now, A-bomb Materials Preservation Association) leads an effort that involves many Hiroshima residents in the gathering of materials related to the atomic bombing.
1958   The Hiroshima Restoration Exposition is held in and around the Peace Memorial Museum.
1975   In order to repair the aging structure and keep the materials from deterioration, the first large-scale renovation occurs and the exhibits are redesigned.
1991 August A second renovation occurs and a large-sized model and big-screen videos are installed.
1994 June

Peace Memorial Hall is renovated to improve its functions of display and storage, and to provide more space for peace education. After its renovation, the Peace Memorial Hall reopens as the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum (East Building).

■East Building…Hiroshima before the A-bombing, Development of the A-bomb and its dropping, Nuclear Age, Hiroshima’s Peace Promotion Activities
■Main Building…Artifacts including belongings of the A-bomb Victims and Photographs.

2006 July The Main Building was designated as the first national important cultural properties among the architectural buildings which were constructed after World War II.
2012 November The Schmoe House opens as an annex of the Museum at 1-2-43 Eba-nihommatsu, Naka-ku, Hiroshima City.
2014 March Renovations to the East Building and Main Building are launched.
2017 April

The East Building reopens after the renovation and the Main Building is temporarily closed.

■The East Building comprises three exhibitions: “Introductory Exhibit,” “The Dangers of Nuclear Weapons,” and “Hiroshima History”.


The Main Building under construction
Photo by Yuichiro Sasaki, Courtesy of Yugo Shioura

Inside the Museum in the early days
Collection of Shogo Nagaoka